Published Wed, Jan 15 20201:26 PM EST
Thomas Franck, CNBC Markets
China agreed to purchase an additional $200 billion in U.S. goods over the next two years as part of the “phase one” trade deal.
The additional purchases will come on top of the 2017 U.S. export numbers.
The deal stipulates that Beijing will buy $77 billion in additional goods and services in 2020 and $123 billion in 2021 to meet the total $200 billion. China bought $186 billion of U.S. goods and services in 2017.
Combined with the new incremental agreement, U.S. exports to China should in theory climb to $263 billion in 2020 and $309 billion in 2021. Either amount would mark a record-breaking acceleration for U.S. exports to China.
The two nations signed the first-phase trade agreement Wednesday afternoon at the White House. The globe’s two largest economies have for the better part of two years slapped tariffs of billions of dollars’ worth of each other’s goods in one of the most protracted trade battles in modern American history.
The phase one deal is seen as a sort of truce and includes concessions by the Chinese to crack down on intellectual property theft and the forced transfer of American technologies. But it also includes import targets for Beijing, which has promised to buy a host of American products as the two sides work toward a permanent bilateral agreement.
The composition of that additional $200 billion is as follows:
- Manufactured goods: $32.9 billion in 2020, $44.8 billion in 2021
- Agricultural goods: $12.5 billion in 2020, $19.5 billion in 2021
- Energy goods: $18.5 billion in 2020, $33.9 billion in 2021
- Services: $12.8 billion in 2020, $25.1 billion in 2021
Manufactured goods include industrial equipment, electric equipment, pharmaceutical products, vehicles and optical instruments. Agricultural products include oilseeds, meats, cereals, cotton and seafood.
Digging deeper, China agreed to purchase a variety of goods from each major industry, including but not limited to the following:
Finer detail, such as the exact value of specific farm purchases (such as soybeans or pork) promised by China over the next two years, could not be ascertained.